The Unitary Executive: Presidential Power from Washington to

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As you know, we recommended a Department of Economic Affairs, which would have merged the interests of Labor and Commerce and others and permitted a tradeoff at the Cabinet level. H O O (DH -H U > 4-1 m M u x: O »T3 U C CT3 - O 0) CO •H *J B JJ O S (0 0) U 0) <4-i CT> 5"(0 u a (0 0) •H > C Q. -H 0) B 10 O O oi o <0 ■H W4 Cu<4-i 3 O <<-i U u. > x: U 4-1 ^ 0) o -^ 2 1 oh a e >>iu o< o O - « O «4J *«. ..* **, X£ s1"sg.. • o ^ « S «Q H U g) o c If.

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Controversies of the George W. Bush Presidency: Pro and Con

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Learn more about the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the U. It may be necessary as well, in a military context, for the president to strike an agreement regarding protection of troops or deployment of troops. It should be guided by a strategy that is broader than simply redrawing boxes on an organizational chart or cutting budgets to meet deficit reduc- (49) 50 tion targets. Electors will decide on the President and Vice President, and these electors are generally chosen by the state legislatures.

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CAINisms - Essential Images & Quotes of Herman Cain Volume 1

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The delegates strongly rejected this proposal. One, reorganization demands an integrated approach. Government and its departments overseas. Laborers in the Executive Departments and offices at Washington who were reported in the lists furnished by the Departments to the Civil Service Commission in 1902, in compliance with section 3, civil service Rule XII, as amended January 23, 1902, whose principal duties were at that time and are now of the grade performed by classified employees will be regarded as classified laborers in the positions occupied by them on the date of this order, and may be promoted to clerical grade or be transferred in the manner provided by the civil service rules and regulations.

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Great Inaugural Addresses (Dover Thrift Editions)

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Any person who violates this subsection shall be punished as provided in section 216 of this title. (A) the term “trade negotiation” means negotiations which the President determines to undertake to enter into a trade agreement pursuant to section 1102 of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, and does not include any action taken before that determination is made; and (B) the term “treaty” means an international agreement made by the President that requires the advice and consent of the Senate. (1) Restrictions.—In addition to the restrictions set forth in subsections (a) and (b), any person who is an officer or employee (including any special Government employee) of the executive branch of the United States (including an independent agency), who is referred to in paragraph (2), and who, within 1 year after the termination of his or her service or employment as such officer or employee, knowingly makes, with the intent to influence, any communication to or appearance before any officer or employee of the department or agency in which such person served within 1 year before such termination, on behalf of any other person (except the United States), in connection with any matter on which such person seeks official action by any officer or employee of such department or agency, shall be punished as provided in section 216 of this title. (i) employed at a rate of pay specified in or fixed according to subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 5, (ii) employed in a position which is not referred to in clause (i) and for which that person is paid at a rate of basic pay which is equal to or greater than 86.5 percent of the rate of basic pay for level II of the Executive Schedule, or, for a period of 2 years following the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004, a person who, on the day prior to the enactment of that Act, was employed in a position which is not referred to in clause (i) and for which the rate of basic pay, exclusive of any locality-based pay adjustment under section 5304 or section 5304a of title 5, was equal to or greater than the rate of basic pay payable for level 5 of the Senior Executive Service on the day prior to the enactment of that Act, (iii) appointed by the President to a position under section 105(a)(2)(B) of title 3 or by the Vice President to a position under section 106(a)(1)(B) of title 3, (iv) employed in a position which is held by an active duty commissioned officer of the uniformed services who is serving in a grade or rank for which the pay grade (as specified in section 201 of title 37) is pay grade 0-7 or above; or (v) assigned from a private sector organization to an agency under chapter 37 of title 5. (B) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a special Government employee who serves less than 60 days in the 1-year period before his or her service or employment as such employee terminates. (C) At the request of a department or agency, the Director of the Office of Government Ethics may waive the restrictions contained in paragraph (1) with respect to any position, or category of positions, referred to in clause (ii) or (iv) of subparagraph (A), in such department or agency if the Director determines that— (i) the imposition of the restrictions with respect to such position or positions would create an undue hardship on the department or agency in obtaining qualified personnel to fill such position or positions, and (ii) granting the waiver would not create the potential for use of undue influence or unfair advantage. (A) In general.—Paragraph (1) shall apply to a member of the Independent Medicare Advisory Board under section 1899A. (B) Agencies and congress.— For purposes of paragraph (1), the agency in which the individual described in subparagraph (A) served shall be considered to be the Independent Medicare Advisory Board, the Department of Health and Human Services, and the relevant committees of jurisdiction of Congress, including the Committee on Ways and Means and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate. (A) serves in the position of Vice President of the United States, (B) is employed in a position in the executive branch of the United States (including any independent agency) at a rate of pay payable for level I of the Executive Schedule or employed in a position in the Executive Office of the President at a rate of pay payable for level II of the Executive Schedule, or (C) is appointed by the President to a position under section 105(a)(2)(A) of title 3 or by the Vice President to a position under section 106(a)(1)(A) of title 3, and who, within 1 year after the termination of that person’s service in that position, knowingly makes, with the intent to influence, any communication to or appearance before any person described in paragraph (2), on behalf of any other person (except the United States), in connection with any matter on which such person seeks official action by any officer or employee of the executive branch of the United States, shall be punished as provided in section 216 of this title. (A) any officer or employee of any department or agency in which such person served in such position within a period of 1 year before such person’s service or employment with the United States Government terminated, and (B) any person appointed to a position in the executive branch which is listed in section 5312, 5313, 5314, 5315, or 5316 of title 5. (1) Members of congress and elected officers.—(A) Any person who is a Member of Congress or an elected officer of either House of Congress and who, within 1 year after that person leaves office, knowingly makes, with the intent to influence, any communication to or appearance before any of the persons described in subparagraph (B) or (C), on behalf of any other person (except the United States) in connection with any matter on which such former Member of Congress or elected officer seeks action by a Member, officer, or employee of either House of Congress, in his or her official capacity, shall be punished as provided in section 216 of this title. (B) The persons referred to in subparagraph (A) with respect to appearances or communications by a former Member of Congress are any Member, officer, or employee of either House of Congress, and any employee of any other legislative office of the Congress. (C) The persons referred to in subparagraph (A) with respect to appearances or communications by a former elected officer are any Member, officer, or employee of the House of Congress in which the elected officer served. (2) Personal staff.—(A) Any person who is an employee of a Senator or an employee of a Member of the House of Representatives and who, within 1 year after the termination of that employment, knowingly makes, with the intent to influence, any communication to or appearance before any of the persons described in subparagraph (B), on behalf of any other person (except the United States) in connection with any matter on which such former employee seeks action by a Member, officer, or employee of either House of Congress, in his or her official capacity, shall be punished as provided in section 216 of this title. (B) The persons referred to in subparagraph (A) with respect to appearances or communications by a person who is a former employee are the following: (i) the Senator or Member of the House of Representatives for whom that person was an employee; and (ii) any employee of that Senator or Member of the House of Representatives. (3) Committee staff.— Any person who is an employee of a committee of Congress and who, within 1 year after the termination of that person’s employment on such committee, knowingly makes, with the intent to influence, any communication to or appearance before any person who is a Member or an employee of that committee or who was a Member of the committee in the year immediately prior to the termination of such person’s employment by the committee, on behalf of any other person (except the United States) in connection with any matter on which such former employee seeks action by a Member, officer, or employee of either House of Congress, in his or her official capacity, shall be punished as provided in section 216 of this title. (4) Leadership staff.—(A) Any person who is an employee on the leadership staff of the House of Representatives or an employee on the leadership staff of the Senate and who, within 1 year after the termination of that person’s employment on such staff, knowingly makes, with the intent to influence, any communication to or appearance before any of the persons described in subparagraph (B), on behalf of any other person (except the United States) in connection with any matter on which such former employee seeks action by a Member, officer, or employee of either House of Congress, in his or her official capacity, shall be punished as provided in section 216 of this title. (B) The persons referred to in subparagraph (A) with respect to appearances or communications by a former employee are the following: (i) in the case of a former employee on the leadership staff of the House of Representatives, those persons are any Member of the leadership of the House of Representatives and any employee on the leadership staff of the House of Representatives; and (ii) in the case of a former employee on the leadership staff of the Senate, those persons are any Member of the leadership of the Senate and any employee on the leadership staff of the Senate. (5) Other legislative offices.—(A) Any person who is an employee of any other legislative office of the Congress and who, within 1 year after the termination of that person’s employment in such office, knowingly makes, with the intent to influence, any communication to or appearance before any of the persons described in subparagraph (B), on behalf of any other person (except the United States) in connection with any matter on which such former employee seeks action by any officer or employee of such office, in his or her official capacity, shall be punished as provided in section 216 of this title. (B) The persons referred to in subparagraph (A) with respect to appearances or communications by a former employee are the employees and officers of the former legislative office of the Congress of the former employee. (6) Limitation on restrictions.—The restrictions contained in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) apply only to acts by a former employee who, for at least 60 days, in the aggregate, during the 1-year period before that former employee’s service as such employee terminated, was paid a rate of basic pay equal to or greater than an amount which is 75 percent of the basic rate of pay payable for a Memberof the House of Congress in which such employee was employed. (B) The restrictions contained in paragraph (5) apply only to acts by a former employee who, for at least 60 days, in the aggregate, during the 1-year period before that former employee’s service as such employee terminated, was employed in a position for which the rate of basic pay, exclusive of any locality-based pay adjustment under section 5302 of title 5 (or any comparable adjustment pursuant to interim authority of the President), is equal to or greater than the basic rate of pay payable for level 5 of the Senior Executive Service. (A) the term “committee of Congress” includes standing committees, joint committees, and select committees; (B) a person is an employee of a House of Congress if that person is an employee of the Senate or an employee of the House of Representatives; (C) the term “employee of the House of Representatives” means an employee of a Member of the House of Representatives, an employee of a committee of the House of Representatives, an employee of a joint committee of the Congress whose pay is disbursed by the Clerk of the House of Representatives, and an employee on the leadership staff of the House of Representatives; (D) the term “employee of the Senate” means an employee of a Senator, an employee of a committee of the Senate, an employee of a joint committee of the Congress whose pay is disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate, and an employee on the leadership staff of the Senate; (E) a person is an employee of a Member of the House of Representatives if that person is an employee of a Member of the House of Representatives under the clerk hire allowance; (F) a person is an employee of a Senator if that person is an employee in a position in the office of a Senator; (G) the term “employee of any other legislative office of the Congress” means an officer or employee of the Architect of the Capitol, the United States Botanic Garden, the General Accounting Office, the Government Printing Office, the Library of Congress, the Office of Technology Assessment, the Congressional Budget Office, the Copyright Royalty Tribunal, the United States Capitol Police, and any other agency, entity, or office in the legislative branch not covered by paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) of this subsection; (H) the term “employee on the leadership staff of the House of Representatives” means an employee of the office of a Member of the leadership of the House of Representatives described in subparagraph (L), and any elected minority employee of the House of Representatives; (J) the term “Member of Congress” means a Senator or a Member of the House of Representatives; (K) the term “Member of the House of Representatives” means a Representative in, or a Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Congress; (L) the term “Member of the leadership of the House of Representatives” means the Speaker, majority leader, minority leader, majority whip, minority whip, chief deputy majority whip, chief deputy minority whip, chairman of the Democratic Steering Committee, chairman and vice chairman of the Democratic Caucus, chairman, vice chairman, and secretary of the Republican Conference, chairman of the Republican Research Committee, and chairman of the Republican Policy Committee, of the House of Representatives (or any similar position created on or after the effective date set forth in section 102(a) of the Ethics Reform Act of 1989); (M) the term “Member of the leadership of the Senate” means the Vice President, and the President pro tempore, Deputy President pro tempore, majority leader, minority leader, majority whip, minority whip, chairman and secretary of the Conference of the Majority, chairman and secretary of the Conference of the Minority, chairman and co-chairman of the Majority Policy Committee, and chairman of the Minority Policy Committee, of the Senate (or any similar position created on or after the effective date set forth in section 102(a) of the Ethics Reform Act of 1989). (1) Restrictions.—Any person who is subject to the restrictions contained in subsection (c), (d), or (e) and who knowingly, within 1 year after leaving the position, office, or employment referred to in such subsection— (A) represents a foreign entity before any officer or employee of any department or agency of the United States with the intent to influence a decision of such officer or employee in carrying out his or her official duties, or (B) aids or advises a foreign entity with the intent to influence a decision of any officer or employee of any department or agency of the United States, in carrying out his or her official duties, shall be punished as provided in section 216 of this title. (2) Special rule for trade representative..—With respect to a person who is the United States Trade Representative or Deputy United States Trade Representative, the restrictions described in paragraph (1) shall apply to representing, aiding, or advising foreign entities at any time after the termination of that person’s service as the United States Trade Representative. (3) Definition.—For purposes of this subsection, the term “foreign entity” means the government of a foreign country as defined in section 1(e) of the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended, or a foreign political party as defined in section 1(f) of that Act. (g) Special Rules for Detailees.—For purposes of this section, a person who is detailed from one department, agency, or other entity to another department, agency, or other entity shall, during the period such person is detailed, be deemed to be an officer or employee of both departments, agencies, or such entities. (1) Designations.—For purposes of subsection (c) and except as provided in paragraph (2), whenever the Director of the Office of Government Ethics determines that an agency or bureau within a department or agency in the executive branch exercises functions which are distinct and separate from the remaining functions of the department or agency and that there exists no potential for use of undue influence or unfair advantage based on past Government service, the Director shall by rule designate such agency or bureau as a separate department or agency.

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Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents Vol. 40, no. 40

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All departments and agencies shall cooperate fully to fulfill this goal. (a) All means, consistent with applicable Federal law and this order, and with full consideration of the rights of United States persons, shall be used to obtain reliable intelligence information to protect the United States and its interests. (b) The United States Government has a solemn obligation, and shall continue in the conduct of intelligence activities under this order, to protect fully the legal rights of all United States persons, including freedoms, civil liberties, and privacy rights guaranteed by Federal law. (c) Intelligence collection under this order should be guided by the need for information to respond to intelligence priorities set by the President. (d) Special emphasis should be given to detecting and countering: (1) Espionage and other threats and activities directed by foreign powers or their intelligence services against the United States and its interests; (2) Threats to the United States and its interests from terrorism; and (3) Threats to the United States and its interests from the development, possession, proliferation, or use of weapons of mass destruction. (e) Special emphasis shall be given to the production of timely, accurate, and insightful reports, responsive to decisionmakers in the executive branch, that draw on all appropriate sources of information, including open source information, meet rigorous analytic standards, consider diverse analytic viewpoints, and accurately represent appropriate alternative views. (f) State, local, and tribal governments are critical partners in securing and defending the United States from terrorism and other threats to the United States and its interests.

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I Know Best: How Moral Narcissism Is Destroying Our

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Legislators have no higher responsibility under the Constitution and to the voters than to decide when Americans must fight abroad.” One obvious reason for dividing the war powers was to prevent such massive powers from being placed in the hands of one person, the President. Its numbers include many current lawyers and alumni who are sitting here in the audience, and it is a training ground for America’s international lawyers [To prove that point, could I have a show of hands of how many of you in the audience have worked in L sometime during your careers?] Our 175 lawyers are spread over 24 offices, including four extraordinary career deputies and a Counselor of International Law, nearly all of whom are members of this Society and many of whom you will find speaking on the various panels throughout this Annual Meeting program.

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No One Left To Lie To: The Values of the Worst Family

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The registrant does not report the names of individuals who may perform some lobbying activities, but who do not and are not expected to meet the definition of a lobbyist. This balanced budget resolution assumes the elimination of the Department of Commerce and approximately 100 other agencies and offices. Whenever derogatory information with respect to loyalty of an applicant is revealed a full investigation shall be conducted. The dire life struggle associated with these actions provided plausible argumentation favoring their implementation during a time when hysteria ruled an age.

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Public Policy: A New Introduction

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With a staff of nearly 300 located strategically around the state, the Auditor's Office is able to deliver services effectively and efficiently. The corporate shareholder, or the consumer? The December 1998 House vote for Articles of Impeachment brought together two key subplots designed to terminate the Clinton presidency. I look forward to join- ing you in the important project of restoring fiscal responsibility to our budget and effective control over their lives to our States, local- ities, and people, and most importantly, trying to ultimately reinvent and redefine Government at the Federal level at such a way that it operates more efficiently and effectively for the Amer- ican people.

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Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents Vol. 34, no. 12

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EXECUTIVE ORDER 11003 allows the government to take over all airports and aircraft, including commercial aircraft. It became an official cabinet department Jan. 24, 2003. But there is little point and no necessity in destroying our constitution- based federal management structure in the service of deficit reduction. In domestic government, it produced the interstate highway system and landed a man on the moon.

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Ambushed!: A Cartoon History of the George W. Bush

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The United States in Congress assembled, shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of determining on peace and war, except in the cases mentioned in the sixth article -- of sending and receiving ambassadors -- entering into treaties and alliances, provided that no treaty of commerce shall be made whereby the legislative power of the respective States shall be restrained from imposing such imposts and duties on foreigners, as their own people are subjected to, or from prohibiting the exportation or importation of any species of goods or commodities whatsoever -- of establishing rules for deciding in all cases, what captures on land or water shall be legal, and in what manner prizes taken by land or naval forces in the service of the United States shall be divided or appropriated -- of granting letters of marque and reprisal in times of peace -- appointing courts for the trial of piracies and felonies commited on the high seas and establishing courts for receiving and determining finally appeals in all cases of captures, provided that no member of Congress shall be appointed a judge of any of the said courts.

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