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By Hans A. Panofsky

Provides, in one quantity, an updated precis of the present wisdom of the statistical features of atmospheric turbulence and an advent to the equipment required to use those facts to functional engineering difficulties. Covers uncomplicated physics and statistics, statistical houses emphasizing their habit with regards to the floor, and functions for engineers.

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50 Smith and Vivekananda (2007), p. 3. 51 Sullivan (2008), p. 297. 52 World Commission on Environment and Development (1987), p. 19. 2 Social Consequences of Climate Change 29 that ‘[. 55 However, from the perspective of political security, the Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society (CCMS), deployed by the NATO in 1969, is of higher significance. 56 And in 1994, the UN Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization stated: ‘In the altered context of today’s world, the definition of security is no longer limited to questions of land and weapons.

54 30 2 Climate Conflicts: The Pathways 1990s, researchers at the Trudeau Center for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Toronto, conducted an extensive 3-year project on environmental change and acute conflict. They found that scarcities of renewable resources such as cropland, forests, water, and fish were already contributing to violent conflict in many parts of the developing world. However, the causal relations between resource scarcity and conflict were neither direct nor inevitable.

Social parameters such as poverty and social fragmentation on their own may already cause conflicts. 30 24 Smith and Vivekananda (2007), p. 3. Goodhand (2001), p. 23. pdf. 27 On hybrid threats, see generally: Hoffmann and Frank (2009). 28 Verstegen (2001), p. 10. 29 German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) (2008), p. 158. 30 Gleditsch et al. (2007), p. 3. 25 26 2 Climate Conflicts: The Pathways Social fragmentation of society contributes to the risk of conflicts as well. 33 The impact of climate change hits different countries differently hard.

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