By Michael Otterman
George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to vulnerable forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those concepts are torture, and they're criminal within the United States.
Michael Otterman unearths the lengthy historical past of U.S. torture. He exhibits how those strategies grew to become ordinary perform in today's conflict on terror. at first, the CIA dependent their concepts at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of greenbacks have been spent learning, refining, then educating those strategies to interrogators charged with protecting communism at bay. They produced strategy manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the USA, and in different places. because the chilly struggle ended, those tortures---engineered to go away deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to get rid of their use. After 11th of September, they have been revived back to be used on enemy warring parties detained in America's tremendous gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the penitentiary at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Michael Otterman indicates that those interrogation equipment violate greater than foreign legislation and primary human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.
Read Online or Download American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond PDF
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Additional resources for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond
It might have been 130. The lieutenant couldn’t see his surroundings because three powerful spotlights flooded his grimy face from three feet away. He kept staring at his arms. They were stretched forward with a thin, naked wire looped around each forefinger. Whenever somebody behind the lights felt like it, the wires pumped an electric shock through the lieutenant’s body … Electric shocks and forced standing were just the beginning. If students survived this ordeal, they were made to kneel on a broomstick while holding up heavy rocks.
Hinkle and Wolff found that the basis of the communist interrogation system lay in emotional exploitation framed by anxiety, fear and brutality. In parts, their report reads like Koestler’s Darkness at Noon or Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. Hinkle and Wolff recount in meticulous detail how in communist states a sudden abduction at night marked the start of a long and gruelling interrogation process. Often seized without explanation, the prisoners were then left alone in solitary confinement for weeks in a cell measuring no more than Otterman - American Torture PAGE47 47 15/12/06 10:22:24 AM 48 Ame rican Torture two by three metres.
McCoy in A Question of Torture (2006), noted that Hebb’s ‘experiment gets at some of the psychological factors found in prisoner-of-war treatment where the individual is completely isolated in solitary confinement’. Hebb’s volunteers ‘were blindfolded and their ears covered with foam rubber and their feet and hands were covered with large mitts and they were placed in soundproof rooms’. The subjects ‘tended to lose their sense of time’ and some became ‘very irritable’. By 1955, MKULTRA researchers began exploring the potential use of isolation in interrogation.