Download Achieving Knowledge: A Virtue-Theoretic Account of Epistemic by John Greco PDF

By John Greco

After we verify (or deny) that somebody is familiar with anything, we're creating a worth judgment of varieties - we're claiming that there's anything more advantageous (or inferior) approximately that person's opinion, or their facts, or maybe approximately them. A vital activity of the speculation of information is to enquire this kind of evaluate at factor. this is often the 1st publication to make 'epistemic normativity,' or the normative size of data and information ascriptions, its imperative concentration. John Greco argues that wisdom is one of those success, in preference to mere fortunate good fortune. This locates wisdom inside a broader, primary normative area. through reflecting on our pondering and practices during this area, it's argued, we achieve perception into what wisdom is and how much worth it has for us.

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Extra resources for Achieving Knowledge: A Virtue-Theoretic Account of Epistemic Normativity

Example text

If this is the case, then there will be perceptual dispositions that are not specifiable in purely cognitive terms, and therefore perception that is not rule-governed in the sense of RG4. Whether non-conscious perception actually exists seems a matter of contingent fact, to be decided by empirical investigation into the actual workings of human cognition. Now suppose that such perception does exist. Suppose also that people reason appropriately from such perceptions, give due consideration to counterevidence, and do all the other things that we think are required for knowledge.

Suppose that paradigm cases of perception, inductive reasoning, memory, and the like arise in accordance with the model and that we all accept that this is the case.

Having made this distinction, we are now in a position to argue against both weak and strong deontological theories. Here are the two arguments, briefly stated. The main argument against weak deontological theories is as follows: Where knowledge is concerned, etiology matters. For example, in cases where one’s knowledge depends on evidence, it is required that one believes what one does because of the evidence in question. However, etiology does not matter for weak deontological merit. One’s belief has this sort of merit so long as one does not in fact violate any relevant rule; as with Kant’s weak sense of right action, it does not matter why one does not violate the rule.

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